英语—2020.8.21—汉译英

学习 2个月前 散逸
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8.21“是否”相关知识点的补充:

1.“是否”仅仅就是一个一般疑问句的标志性词“吗”,此时在英语句子中并不出现“whether”“能不能,会不会”

1

他“是否”会出席婚礼?

“是否”仅仅就是一般疑问句的标志,不出现“whether

He will attend the
wedding ceremony.==

Will he attend the
wedding ceremony?

2. “是否”所连接的小分句作另外一个动作的执行者或承受者,也有可能是系动词的主语或表语,此时“whether”出现

2

汤姆“是否”会接受这个新计划(be)还不清楚。

解码:

1 汤姆是否会接受这个新计划。

Whether Tom will
accept the new scheme.

2 …is unclear/ not
clear.

终结句

Whether Tom will
accept the new scheme is unclear.

3

问题关键该项目是否能按时完成

解码:

1 关键of/to 问题 ….

The key to the
question is …

2 该项目“是否”能+be+ 完成(过去分词)按时。

Whether the
project can be finished on time.

终结句

The key to the
question is whether the project can be finished on time.

 

4

你能告诉我杰瑞是否真的爱我?

Tell sb. sth

解码:

1 你能告诉我….吗?

You can tell me ….==

Can you tell me …?

2 杰瑞是否真的爱我。

whether Jerry
really loves me

终结句

Can you tell me
whether Jerry really loves me?

 

5

主席是否能来参加本周末由学生会举行演讲比赛

解码:

1 主席“是否”能参加演讲比赛?主要

The president can
attend the speech contest.==

Can the president
attend the speech contest?

 

2 演讲比赛+ will + be+ 举行(过去分词)by+学生会本周末。次要

The
speech contest
will be held by
the students association at this weekend.

 

Can the president
attend the speech contest that will (is to) be held by the students association at this
weekend?

解码:

主席是否能来参加(本周末1)(由学生会2)(举行3)演讲比赛

Can the president
attend the speech contest to be held by the
students association at this weekend?

 

当一个中文句子中动作的执行者或承受者都已存在,但遗漏了一个独立的形容词:

1

我很()【独立】解决这个问题。

此时处理方式:

It is +adj. + that
执行者+动作(时态)+承受者。

It is +adj. + for
+
执行者+ to + 动词原形 + 承受者。

It is difficult
that I solve the problem by myself.

It is difficult
for me to solve the problem by myself.

2

在西方,人们走在梯子底下不吉利。

In the west, it is
unlucky that people walked under the ladder.

In the west, it is
unlucky for people to walk under the ladder.

3

这个题很难解决。

It is difficult to
solve the problem.==

The
problem
is difficult to solve.

4

这把椅子坐上去很舒服。

The chair is comfortable to sit on.==

It is comfortable
to sit on the chair.

5

这本小说读起来很有趣。

The novel is
interesting to read.

It is interesting
to read the novel.

6

学生们要精通英语很重要。

It is important
that students should have a good command of English.

==

It is important
for students to have a good command of English.

important 修饰的后面的动作,此时用for

adj.修饰人的特色,用of

7

你可真傻能相信他。

It is foolish that
you believe in him.

It is foolish of you
to believe in him.

8

你真善良能来帮我。

It is kind of you to
help me.

两个动词并排在一起时的处理方式:

1 第二个动词前+to表示主语是第二个动作的执行者;

2 第二个动词改为to be done,表示主语是第二个动作的承受者;

1

我决定出国旅行。

I decide to go
abroad for travel.

2

我希望取得最终的成功。

I hope to get the
final success.

success n. 成功, 成就

achieve success/
get success

successful adj. 成功的

successfully adv. 成功地

succeed vi. 成功了

succeed in sth

在某事上取得成功

succeed in doing
sth

在做某事上取得成功

Vt. 接替

have vt. ““让”

have- has – had –
had +
宾语(名词,代词宾格)

I have many friends.==

I
do not have many friends.

Do
you have many friends?

He
has many friends.

He
does not have many friends.

Does
he have many friends?

The
government has the ability.

Does
the government have the ability?

The
government does not have the ability.

He
had a meeting yesterday.

He
did not have a meeting yesterday.

Did
he have a meeting yesterday?

Have done sth

Has done sth

Had done sth

We have not
finished the task.

 

2 第二个动词改为doing sth

若第一个动词是考点分析P54上的动词,则第二个动词都改为-ing,若被动being done

1

我们要避免见到老板。

We should avoid
meeting the boss.

2

这本书允许读两遍。

The book allows
being read twice.

3

need需要 / want想要/ require 要求/ demand要求/ deserve 值得/ receive 收到

这些花需要浇水了。

The flowers need to be watered.==

The flowers need watering.

4

这些报告要求在两天完成。

The reports
require to be finished in two days.

==

The reports
require finishing in two days.

5

这些新员工接受培训。

The new workers
receive to be trained.=-=

The new workers
receive training.

6

这个男孩值得表扬。

The boy deserves
to be praised.==

The boy deserves praising.

九“直到

not()until (直到)

1

汤姆直到雨停了离开教室。

解码:

汤姆离开教室直到雨停了。

Tom did not leave the
classroom until the rain stopped. ==

Not until the rain stopped,
did Tom leave the classroom.==

It was
not until
the rain stopped that Tom left the classroom.

2

杰瑞直到意识到自己的错误向汤姆道歉。

解码:

杰瑞道歉向汤姆直到杰瑞意识到自己的错误。

Jerry did not apologize to Tom until Jerry realized his own mistakes.

Not until Jerry
realized his own mistakes, did Jerry apologize to Tom.==

It was not until
Jerry realized his mistakes that Jerry apologized to Tom.

3

汤姆直到火车离开赶到火车站。

解码:

汤姆才赶到火车站直到火车离开。

Tom did not arrive at the railway station until the train left.==

Not until the
train left, did Tom arrive at the railway
station.

It
was not until
the train left that Tom arrived at the railway station.

1. 荷花盛开地方[]很多摄影师经常光顾的地方。

解码:

1
荷花盛开在这个地方。次要

The
lotus flowers are blooming at the place.

2
这个地方一个地方。主要

The place is the place.

3
很多摄影师经常光顾这个地方。次要

Many
photographers often visit the place.

 

The place at which/where the
lotus flowers are blooming is the one many
photographers often visit.

The
place where the lotus flowers are blooming is the one to which /where Many photographers often go.

 

==

Where
the lotus flowers are blooming is where many photographers often go.

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