英语—2020.8.17—汉译英

学习 2个月前 散逸
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8.17.2020

上一次课的补充

3

[考试]失败、让他的父母很失望。

1 that + He failed
in the exam.

2 …. made his
parents disappointed.

(That he failed in the exam) made his parents disappointed.

His
failure in the exam made his parents disappointed.

Disappoint sb.
with/about sth

Sb. be
disappointed with/ about sth

他考试失败让他的父母很失望。

转换:

他的父母对于他考试失败很失望。

解码:

1 他的父母很失望对于

His parents were
disappointed with …

2 他失败在考试中。

That + he failed
in the exam.

注意:

若主要句子的“”前有介词,且次要句子句首加that,则先把主要句子的介词删除,再加次要句子。

终结句:

His parents were
disappointed that he failed in the exam.

 

Surprise
sb. at sth

Sb.
be surprised at …

1

这个小男孩在课堂上的话让老师很吃惊。

第一种解码:

1
这个小男孩说话(what)在课堂上。

what
the boy said in the lesson.

2…让老师吃惊的。

…made
the teacher surprised.

终结句

(What
the boy said in the lesson) made the teacher surprised.

第二种解码:

这个小男孩在课堂上的话让老师很吃惊。

转换:

老师对于这个小男孩在课堂上说的话很吃惊。

解码:

1 老师很吃惊对于

The teacher was surprised at

2 小男孩说话在课堂上。

What the boy said
in the lesson.

The teacher was
surprised at (what the boy said in the
lesson).

2

他赢了这个比赛让他父母很吃惊。

解码:

1 that +He won the
game

2 …made his
parents surprised.

That he won the
game made his parents surprised.

解码:

1 his parents were
surprised at …

2 that he won the
game.

终结句:

His parents were
surprised that he won the game.

 

3”句型中“的是”

在“的是”二者之间加“事情”,= what

 

1

父母所关心的‘事情’尽可能给他们的孩子提供最好的教育。

关心:care about, be concerned about

解码:

1 父母关心what

what the parents
are concerned about

2 … is …

3 父母提供最好的教育给孩子们尽可能。

That the parents
provide the best education for their children as possible as they can.

终结句:

(What the parents are concerned about) is (that they provide the
best education for their children as possible as they can).

2

市民们[真正]关心事情政府是否[在短时间内1][有效地2]解决失业问题。

解码:

1 市民们真正关心what

What the citizens
are really concerned about.

2 …is…

3 是否政府能解决失业问题有效地在短时间内。

Whether the
government can solve the unemployment effectively in a short time

What
the citizens are really concerned about
is whether the government
can solve the unemployment effectively in a short time
.

3

紧跟着翻滚的乌云就是倾盆大雨。

第一种解码:

忽略“就是”

动词:紧跟着

倾盆大雨紧跟着翻滚的乌云。

The pouring rain
followed the rolling dark clouds.

第二种解码:

紧跟着翻滚的乌云就是倾盆大雨。

转换:

紧跟着翻滚的乌云的(事情what是倾盆大雨。

1 what紧跟着翻滚的乌云。

2. …was 倾盆大雨。

What followed the
rolling dark clouds was the pouring rain.

注意:

在“”句型中出现的what都可以改为:all that

what = all that

4

让我吃惊事情他竟然那么粗鲁地对待那位女士。

解码:

1 what 让我吃惊。

What made me
surprised

2 …was…

3 他竟然对待那位女士那么粗鲁地。

That + he should
treat the lady so rudely.

What made me
surprised was that he should treat the lady so rudely.

复习:

1 一般疑问句

是否意识到学习英语重要性

1

You realize the
importance of learning English.==

Do you realize the
importance of learning English?

2

Tom realizes the
importance of learning English.==

Does Tom realize
the importance of learning English?

3

汤姆是否在去年发表了这本受欢迎的小说?

汤姆发表了这本受欢迎的小说去年。

Tom published the
popular novel last year.

==

Did Tom publish
the popular novel last year?

4

我已经完成了任务。

I have finished
the task.

你完成任务了吗?

==

你是否完成任务了?

Have you finished
the task?

2 will + 动词原形(实意动词原形以及be==

am/is/ are to + 动词原形/be 表示将来

3 ”句型中动词的承受者是一句话时(宾语从句)与宾语不足

1

我看到男生们在操场上打篮球。

第一种宾语补足语解码:

看到男生们(在)篮球在操场上。

I see the boy students
playing basketball on the playground.

第二种“”句型

1我看到

I see…

2 男生们在打篮球在操场上。

That + the boy students are playing basketball
on the playground.

I see (that the boy students are playing basketball on the
playground).

3 宾语补足语的用法小结:

主语+ 谓语+ 宾语+ 宾语补足语

1)
名词作宾语补足语:

老师让汤姆班长。

The teacher made
Tom monitor.

2)
形容词作宾语补足语:

我觉得这个题难。

I find the problem difficult.(宾语补足语)

I find that the problem is difficult. 句型)

3)
副词作宾语补足语

The boy took the girl away.

  I find the
game over.

4)
介宾短语作宾语补足语

I find the books on the shelf.

5)
动词作宾语补足语

a doing sth

第一个动词和第二个动词之间仅仅间隔一个名词(代词),第二个动词补充说明该名词(该名词就是第一个动词的宾语):

该名词是第二个动词的执行者,且第二个动词与第一个动词伴随发生

b to do sth

第二个动词发生在第一个动词的未来。

 

c done

第一个动词的宾语是第二个动词的承受者,且第二个动作已经发生了。

我们看到这个房间粉刷了。

We see the room
painted.

d being done

第一个动作的宾语是第二个动作的承受者,且第二个动作正在发生。

我们看到这个房间正在粉刷

We see the room being painted.

e to be done

第一个动词的宾语是第二个动词的承受者,且第二个动词发生在第一个动词的未来,表示将要发生。

 

 

 

looked at from the
top of the Mountain Tai, Taian city looks beautiful.

See vt.

Look at = vt.

动词:

站,埋(放)

1 So many people
stood around.

2 The man buried
in his arms.

With so many
people standing around, the man buried his face in his arms.

救援队[5分钟之内]赶来,我们希望灭掉大火。

The team is to
come in 5 minutes.

We have the hope
to put out the fire.

终结句:

With the team to
come in 5 minutes, we have the hope to put out the fire.

基础句型的否定句

1.若陈述句的肯定句中谓语部分是动词原形,动词三单,动词过去式,变为否定句时,分别改为:

do not + 动词原形

does not + 动词原形

did not + 动词原形

2.若陈述句的肯定句中谓语部分是have done sth, has done sth, had done sth, 变为否定句时,分别改为:

have not done sth

has not done sth

had not done sth

3.若陈述句的肯定句谓语部分是am, is, are, was, were, 变为否定句时,分别改为:

am not …

is not …

are not …

was not …

were not …

4.若陈述句的肯定句谓语部分是:情态动词(can/could, may/ might, will/ would, shall/
should, must/ need/ dare, should= ought to
+动词原形,变为否定句时,在情态动词后+not

1

汤姆[昨天]没有去参加(学校里1)(举行2)派对

Tom did not take part in/ join
in
the party (that
was) held in the school yesterday.

2

汤姆不喜欢任何打搅他学习事物

Tom does not like everything that disturbs
his study.

Tom does not like
everything disturbing his study.

3

汤姆还没有完成(教授1)(昨天2)(在课堂上3)(布置4)任务

Tom has not
finished the task the professor assigned in the lesson yesterday.

Tom has not
finished the task assigned in the lesson
yesterday by the professor.

版权声明:散逸 发表于 2020-08-21 23:31:18。
转载请注明:英语—2020.8.17—汉译英 | 散逸-博客-导航

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