英语—2020.8.14—汉译英

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2020.8.14  随堂笔记

Looked at from the
top of the Mountain Tai, Taian city looks beautiful.

See vt.

Look at = vt.

动词:

站,埋(放)

1 So many people
stood around.

2 The man buried
in his arms.

With so many
people standing around, the man buried his face in his arms.

救援队[5分钟之内]赶来,我们希望灭掉大火。

The team is to
come in 5 minutes.

We have the hope
to put out the fire.

终结句:

With the team to
come in 5 minutes, we have the hope to put out the fire.

基础句型的否定句

1.若陈述句的肯定句中谓语部分是动词原形,动词三单,动词过去式,变为否定句时,分别改为:

do not + 动词原形

does not + 动词原形

did not + 动词原形

2.若陈述句的肯定句中谓语部分是have done sth, has done sth, had done sth, 变为否定句时,分别改为:

have not done sth

has not done sth

had not done sth

3.若陈述句的肯定句谓语部分是am, is, are, was, were, 变为否定句时,分别改为:

am not …

is not …

are not …

was not …

were not …

4.若陈述句的肯定句谓语部分是:情态动词(can/could, may/ might, will/ would, shall/
should, must/ need/ dare, should= ought to
+动词原形,变为否定句时,在情态动词后+not

1

汤姆[昨天]没有去参加(学校里1)(举行2)派对

Tom did not take part in/ join
in
the party (that
was) held in the school yesterday.

2

汤姆不喜欢任何打搅他学习事物

Tom does not like everything that disturbs
his study.

Tom does not like
everything disturbing his study.

3

汤姆还没有完成(教授1)(昨天2)(在课堂上3)(布置4)任务

Tom has not
finished the task the professor assigned in the lesson yesterday.

Tom has not
finished the task assigned in the lesson
yesterday by the professor.

基础句型疑问句

(一)
一般疑问句

中文:

……吗?

爱不爱,走不走,去不去?

是否爱,是否走,是否去?

注意:

中文陈述句和疑问句句子整体语序完全一样,只是在句子末尾多一个“吗”或在句首或句中多一个“是否”

英语:

1 若陈述句谓语部分是动词原形,动词三单,动词过去式,变为一般疑问句时,分别把do, does, did 提到句首,或者主语前,原谓语部分的实意动词变为原形

2 若陈述句谓语部分是have done, has done, had done, 变为一般疑问句时,把have, has, had提到句首或主语前,原谓语部分的实意动词done形式不变。

3 若陈述句谓语部分是am, is, are, was, were以及情态动词+动词原形,变为一般疑问句时,分别把am, is, are, was, were, 以及情态动词提到句首,主语前,原谓语部分其他一切保持不变。

(二)
特殊疑问句

中文:

在中文中有疑问词:

什么,所,一切,事,话(what

哪一个(which

谁(who/whom

哪里,什么地方,何地,地方(where

何时,什么时候,的时间(when

为什么,之所以,的原因(why

如何,用方法,怎么样,多么(how

是否,v ++ vwhether

谁“的”,什么“的”(whose

注意:

在中文中,特殊疑问句的疑问词所代替的陈述句中的原词位置和疑问词位置不变。

例:

陈述句:

汤姆今天早上在电梯上遇到了他的小学老师

汤姆什么时间在电梯上遇到了他的小学老师?

汤姆今天早上在哪里遇到了他的小学老师?
汤姆今天早上在电梯上遇到了

Ø  在汉译英时,先按照陈述句解码翻译成英语,最后把疑问词提到句首,再按照一般疑问句来变化陈述句:

特殊疑问词+一般疑问句?

1

汤姆完成老师昨天在课堂上布置的任务了吗?

一般疑问句:

Tom has finished the task assigned in the lesson
yesterday by the teacher.==

Has Tom finished
the task …?

2

你爱不爱我?

You love me.==

Do you love me?

你是不是学生?=是否是学生?

You are a
student.==

Are you a student?

3

是否能意识到参加这个考试重要性

Realize = be aware
of…

You can realize/ can be
aware of
the importance of taking the exam.==

Can you realize/
Can you be aware of the importance of taking the exam?

4

汤姆[今天早上1][在电梯上2]遇到了谁

Tom met with/ came
across
who in the lift this morning. ==

Who did Tom meet with/ come
across
in the lift this morning?

5

今天早上来找小杨那个人

 

The man who came to xiaoyang this morning is who.

Who is the man who came to xiaoyang this morning?==

Who is the man
coming to xiaoyang this morning?

6

汤姆去哪里参加大会

Tom where will
attend the meeting.==

Where will Tom
attend the meeting?

7

他为什么缺席会议?

be absent from …

he why was absent
from the meeting.==

Why was he absent
from the meeting?

注意:

若疑问词本身就是代替陈述句的主语,把陈述句主语换成疑问词,本句的其他内容语序不变。

8

什么让他这么伤心?

What made him so
sad?

9

谁会来参加这场婚礼?

Who will attend
the wedding ceremony?

”句型

1 若中文中一个动作的执行者或承受者不是一个词或短语,而是一个句子(一句话),则在该动词的执行者或承受者处写上“”,含有“”小分句就是主要句子。

2 若另外一句话就是来担任主要句子的执行者或承受者,这就是次要句子。若该句没有疑问词,则在次要句子加that,整句再放到主要句子的“”处;若该句含有疑问词,把疑问词提到次要句子的句首,但疑问词后是陈述句语序,再把疑问词+陈述句语序(次要句子)放到主要句子的“”处。

1

我发现他爱上了别人。

解码:

1 我发现

I find …

2 他爱上了别人。

That + He loves someone else.

I find (that + he loves
someone else).

2

事实汤姆考试失败了。

1 The fact is …

2 that + Tom
failed in the exam.

The fact is (that
Tom failed in the exam).

3

他考试失败、让他的父母很失望。

1 that + He failed
in the exam.

2 …. made his
parents disappointed.

(That he failed in the exam) made his parents disappointed.

4

你的成功取决于你现在的所作所为。

1 your success
depends on/ relies on …

2 you are doing what now.==

What you are doing
now

Your success
depends on (what you are doing now).

版权声明:散逸 发表于 2020-08-16 9:16:47。
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